• Ghana is an agricultural country, but it has important mineral deposits. Cacao is the most important crop and the country's chief export. Other important crops include coconuts, coffee, kola nuts, and kernels (seeds) from palm trees.
  • Valuable tropical hardwood trees, such as mahogany, grow in Ghana's forests. The country also produces such mpc322121.gifinerals as bauxite, diamonds, gold, and manganese. Most of Ghana's factories are small plants that process agricultural products of timber.
  • Manufactured products include beverages, cement, and clothing.
  • An aluminum smelter at Tema is Ghana's largest factory.
  • Hydroelectric power plants at the southern end of Lake Volta produce electric power for much of Ghana and the nearby countries of Togo and Benin.


  • Ghana rises from a heavily populated plain along the Gulf of Guinea to the Kwahu Plateau. The plateau runs from the northwest to the southeast across central Ghana. It forms a divide between the White Volta and the Black Volta rivers in the north and east, and the Ahkobra, Pra, and the Tano Rivers in the south and west.
  • A thick forest covers southwestern Ghana. North of the plateau, the land gradually becomes a Savanna (grassy, thinly wooded plain), and then grassland.
  • Lake Volta, one of the world's largest artificially created lakes, is located in east central Ghana.Ghana_Landscape3.jpg