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Origins & Geography

Ghana has a tropical climate. Accra in the south has an average temperature of 27C (80F). Northern Ghana has higher temperature. Most of Ghana receives over 200 centimetres (80 inches) of rain a year. Northern and Eastern Ghana has severe dry spells from November to March.
Despite its name, the old Empire of Ghana is not geographically, ethnically, or in any other way related to modern Ghana. It lies about four hundred miles north-west of modern Ghana. Nobody is sure when Ghana came into being, but some time at the beginning of the first millennium AD, it's thought that a number of clans of the Soninke people, (in modern Senegal) came together under a leader with semi-divine status, called Dinga Cisse.



  • People from African Kingdoms to the northwest probably settled in what is now Ghana in the 1200's.
  • Portuguese explorers landed on the coast in 1471 and named the area the Gold Coast. Later, the Dutch came to compete with the Portuguese for gold.
  • By 1642, the Dutch had seized all the Portuguese forts, and ended Portuguese control in the Gold Coast.
  • A large slave trade developed in the 1600's, and the Danes and English competed with the Dutch for profits.
  • The slave trade ended during the 1860's, and by 1872, the British had gained control of the Dutch and Danish forts.Slave.jpgIm.jpeg